The Zika virus has already affected thousands of people in Brazil, with multiple cases being reported in the U.S. as well.
The Zika virus spreads when the “Aedes Aegypti” mosquito bites an infected user and then goes on to bite others. So the mosquitoes here are basically carriers of the virus. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) says that the virus transmission has occurred during labor, blood transfusion, laboratory exposure and even sexual contact in a couple of cases.
2) What does Zikka virus do?
In Brazil, a large number of pregnant women infected by the virus have given birth to babies with microcephaly, which is a neurological disorder that stunts the growth of the brain that can sometimes even lead to death. Over 4,180 babies have been born with microcephaly in Brazil since November 2015 alone, with the number increasing with each passing day.
3) Where is Zikka virus found?
Countries include Barbados, Bolivia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Venezuela.
4) What can you do to prevent getting affected?
As of now, there are no vaccines available to build immunity against the virus. However, the authorities have directed that customers use extra caution when traveling to affected countries. It is suggested to wear long clothing so as to avoid any chances of getting bitten and using an extra layer of repellant cream to be on the safer side. As a general rule, it’s best to simply avoid visiting countries that are affected by the disease.